There are a number of vision problems affecting both children and adults on a regular basis. These conditions may be attributed to various factors such as heredity, age, refractive errors, and complications caused by conditions such as Diabetes. Some may be corrected easily, and some may require regular treatment or even surgery. It is important to be familiar with the most common vision problems and its symptoms, so it is easy to determine the necessary steps for preventive and corrective measures.
Most common vision problems in children
Eye problems in children should be monitored closely, and since their eyes are still developing, there is a higher chance of correcting whatever vision problem they have especially if detected at an early age. Listed below are some of the common vision problems diagnosed in children.
Refractive errors or blurred vision
This vision problem may cause near-sightedness, far-sightedness, and even astigmatism. It may be evident in children who have one or both parents with refractive problems. For adults, it may occur in advancing ages, or those who are 35 and older.
Strabismus or crossed eyes
This vision problem is often characterized by one or both eyes turned to different directions. When detected early in children, it shows higher chances of correction or even reversal, but if left untreated, can be the cause of another vision problem known as Amblyopia.
Crossed eyes can be caused by a number of factors such as heredity. It may also be caused by extreme far-sightedness. This may also be seen in individuals diagnosed with Down syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, or those who have suffered head injury or stroke.
Amblyopia or lazy eye
This is one of the most common vision problems in children. This condition happens when the brain and eyes are not able to coordinate with each other. The brain fails to accept visual information from the eye, which causes problems with vision development. Kids who are diagnosed early have a higher chance of getting better, but when left untreated may lead to permanent loss of vision.
Amblyopia can be caused by birth complications, like premature birth, and low birth weight. It may also be caused by poor maternal health, or a family history of eye problems. It is also evident in persons diagnosed with Cerebral Palsy and other intellectual disabilities.
Common Vision Problems in Adults
Most visual problems found in adults may mostly be attributed to age, heredity, or complications caused by other illnesses. These include:
- Age-related Macular Degeneration or AMD
- Diabetic Retinopathy
These vision problems are often related to risk factors concerning diseases, smoking and alcohol use, old age especially those older than 60, certain ethnicities such as American and Hispanic, Diabetes, as well as high blood pressure and cholesterol.