Amoxicillin is one of the first antibiotics known to man and, today, is also among the most commonly prescribed medications for children. This is also listed in the List of Essential Medicines released by the World Health Organization (WHO) because of its efficacy against a wide range of bacterial infections.
Here’s a list of Amoxicillin prices:
In 1958, amoxicillin was discovered. In the 1960s, it was developed by scientists in Beecham, England as among the semi-synthetic derivatives of 6-APA, or 6-aminopenicillanic acid. But it was not until 1972 when the antibiotic was released for medical use.
As an aminopenicillin, it was the second of its kind to be released into the general market; ampicillin was the first in 1961. As an ampicillin derivative, amoxicillin and penicillin belong to the same family – and both of them are classified as beta-lactam antibiotics.
Amoxicillin inhibits the synthesis of the bacteria’s cell walls, thus, preventing their growth. For this reason, it’s a useful antibiotic in the treatment of several bacterial infections including:
- Respiratory infections including community-acquired pneumonia in adults and in infants exhibiting the signs and symptoms of pneumonia but are in resource-limited situations
- Skin infections like acne vulgaris usually when it doesn’t respond well to other antibiotics like minocycline and doxycycline
- Bacterial endocarditis but as a preventive measure, such as in high-risk people with dental work or in patients without spleens
- Acute otitis media
- Urinary tract infections
- Lyme disease
- Salmonella infections
- Streptococcal pharyngitis
As an antibiotic, it can be used on its own (monotherapy) or in combination with clavunic acid, also known as co-amoxiclav. It can also cause nausea and rash in highly susceptible people. It may be prescribed to pregnant and lactating mothers, too.