As you age, you will experience changes in your vision whether you have age-related eye disease or not – it’s just part of the aging process. Your eyes will take longer to focus and adjust to light and dark conditions, even fail to adjust as well as in your younger years when moving from a well-lit to a poorly-lit area, or vice-versa. You will likely experience several challenges in moving around, in driving especially in poor conditions (e.g., at night, during heavy rain), and in performing daily activities including reading, writing and working on the computer, as well as in distinguishing an image from its background where subtle tone gradations are involved.
If you’re a woman, you should be more vigilant because studies have shown that women are more likely than men to develop glaucoma as well as be visually impaired, even blind, due to the eye disease. You should also be aware that cataracts are also slightly more common in women than in men.
Fortunately, you can still successfully cope with the changes in your vision and reduce your risks of developing age-related eye diseases with these tips.
Regular Eye Exam
When you are in your 60s, you should have a complete eye exam conducted by your ophthalmologist every year, which the American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends. You may, however, be asked to come for more frequent eye exams in case you have high risk for developing eye diseases (e.g., family history or work conditions), an underlying medical condition that can affect your eyesight (e.g., hypertension or diabetes), or a prior eye injury. You visits to the Sears eye clinic can be two times a year, for example, so as to identify any new issues or prevent the worsening condition of old problems.
Reduce Risks for Injuries
When your eyes undergo changes in its clarity, you are at higher risk for falls especially since your balance will also be affected. You must then adopt the necessary measures to reduce your risk for falls including:
- Cushion the sharp edges and corners of furniture and fixtures in your home. Rubber covers used in baby-proofing your home are a great idea for this purpose.
- Secure the railings so that these aren’t loose
- Check that the stairways have non-slippery surfaces
- Change the rugs in the bathroom, bedroom and living areas into slip-proof products
You must also address your lifestyle habits since these have an impact on your eyesight. You have to work with your doctor in addressing systemic health problems as well as adopt a moderate exercise program, get sufficient rest and sleep, and eat healthy foods and drinks. You should address your eyesight issues in a wholistic way to get the best results possible.